Blockchain

De CoinGecko| Actualizat la Mar 03, 2020
A digital ledger where data is recorded in a chronological order. In Bitcoin's case, it is a decentralized, public ledger which contains transactional information. Users can verify that transactions have occured simply by looking at the data that is publicized on the Bitcoin network. In a blockchain, the next piece of information that will be added is always linked to a previous, already confirmed information of the blockchain through the use of a hash which describes the past content. With the hash, every block of information in a blockchain becomes referenced with one another, and cannot be easily swapped out, thereby qualifying as an immutable ledger.

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IEO
Initial Exchange Offering (IEO) is a spin-off of Initial Coin Offering (ICO), where the sale of tokens are conducted on an exchange rather than by the coin team themselves.
Node
Within the blockchain network, the nodes are computers that connect to the network and have an updated copy of the blockchain
Zero-Knowledge Succinct Non-Interactive Argument of Knowledge (Zk-Snarks)
An acronym for Zero-Knowledge Succinct Non-Interactive Argument of Knowledge, zk-SNARKs refers to a protocol where one can prove posession of a given piece of information (eg a string or hash) without revealing that information and also without any interaction between both the prover & verifier.
Sharding
A form of database partitioning which breaks up data into smaller segments.
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